Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is a national level (All-India) Entrance examination in engineering. Candidates who quality this exam are eligible for IIIT, NIT, IIT, and Government aided engineering colleges across the country.
The exam was introduced in the year 2002 as the All-India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) till it was changed to JEE- Mains in the year 2013.
Until 2018, JEE-Mains exam was conducted in the first week of April by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). From 2019, the exam is being conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) which enables the students to take the exam in two sessions and both in pen-paper as well as CBT mode.
From 2021, the exam will be conducted 4 times a year. The complete examination comprises of two test- JEE Mains and JEE Advance. Mains is the first phase of the IIT Joint Entrance Exam.
JEE Main consists of two papers, Paper-I and Paper-II. Candidates may opt for either or both of them. Both the papers ask questions in the Form of Multiple-choice questions (MCQ).
Paper-I is for admission to B.E./B.Tech courses and is conducted in a Computer Based Test mode(CBT).
Paper-II is for admission in B.Arch and B.Planning courses and will also be conducted in Computer Based Test mode except for one paper, namely the 'Drawing Test' which requires to be conducted in Pen and Paper mode or offline mode.
From January 2020 an additional Paper - III is introduced for B.Planning courses separately.
KEY DETAILS ABOUT THE JEE-MAINS EXAM
The Responsibility of conducting the Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Main) has been entrusted to the National Testing Agency (NTA) by the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (now known as Ministry of Education), Government of India.
The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main) comprises of two papers. The Paper1 is conducted for admission to Undergraduate Engineering Programs (B.E/B. Tech) at NITs, IIITs, other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs), Institutions/Universities funded/recognized by participating State Governments, as well as an eligibility test for JEE (Advanced), which is conducted for admission to IITs. Candidates of UPSEE (2021) will take JEE (Main) 2021. The Paper 2 is conducted for admission to B. Arch and B. Planning courses in the Country. From this year, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU), Lucknow will also use the score sheet of JEE (Main) – 2021 for admission to the B.Tech / M.Tech (Integrated)/B.Arch. Courses in its affiliated colleges across the State.
Chances introduced in the year 2021
Starting 2018, the examination would be conducted across two sessions and candidates could take the exam either in the month of January or in April or take both the exams. The better of two NTA scores was considered
However, Due to the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020, JEE Main 2021 has increased the number of the exam be attempted. Now the exam will be conducted across multiple sessions (February/March/April/May 2021) for admissions in the next academic session.
This changed has been introduced keeping in mind that;
· This will give multiple opportunities to the candidates to improve their scores in the examination if they are not able to give their best in one attempt.
· In first attempt, the students will get a first-hand experience of taking an examination and will know their mistakes which they can improve while attempting for the next time.
· This will reduce the chances of dropping a year and droppers would not have to waste a full year.
· If anyone missed the examination due to reasons beyond control (such as Board examination), then he/she will not have to wait for one full year.
· A candidate need not appear in all the four Sessions. However, if candidate appears in more than one Session then his/her best of the 2021 NTA Scores will be considered for preparation of Merit List/ Ranking
However, Paper 2A & Paper 2B (B. Arch & B. Planning) will be held only twice a year.
Mode of Examination JEE (Main)-2021
The JEE Mains Exams 2021 shall be conducted in the following modes:
a) Paper 1 (B.E. /B. Tech.) in “Computer Based Test (CBT)” mode only.
b) Paper 2A (B. Arch): Mathematics (Part-I) and Aptitude Test (Part-II) in “Computer Based Test (CBT)” mode only and Drawing Test (Part-III) in pen & paper (offline) mode, to be attempted on drawing sheet of A4 size.
c) Paper 2B (B. Planning): Mathematics (Part-I), Aptitude Test (Part-II) and Planning Based Questions (Part-III) in Computer Based Test (CBT) mode only.
Mode of language of the Exam:
Deriving the values from the National Education Policy (NEP), the JEE (Main) 2021 is to be conducted for the first time in Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu for the first time, in addition to Hindi, Gujarati and English.
JEE Main Eligibility Criteria 2021
Educational Qualification: Candidates are required to have qualified their XII or equivalent exam in 2019, 2020 or must be appearing the exam in 2021, to be eligible to sit for JEE Main 2021.
Candidates must have passed qualifying examination with 50% marks in Mathematics and 50% in aggregate of the QE to sit for B. Planning Paper.
B.E/ B. Tech applicants must have passed the qualifying examination with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with one of the Chemistry/Biotechnology/ Biology/ Technical Vocational Subject.
For B. Arch, candidates must have passed the Qualifying Examination with Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
Age Limit Criteria: All those who have passed class 12th or equivalent in 2019, 2020 or appearing in 2021 irrespective of their age are eligible for the JEE Main 2021.
Total number of Attempts: A Candidate is allowed to take the exam maximum for 3 years consecutively. He can sit for all four sessions- February, March, April and May sessions. All of these will be counted as a single attempt.
JEE Main Exam Pattern 2021
JEE Main 2021 examination shall be conducted for three papers – B. E/ B.Tech, B.Architecture and B.Planning Papers.
Given the circumstances arising due to the Cvid-19 pandemic, JEE Main 2021 Exam pattern has undergone some drastic changes this year. This is the first time that Choice has been introduced for questions considering the reduction in syllabus by CBSE and other state boards. Although total questions in each of the 3 papers has been increased, but the total marks for the papers remains the same as the previous years.
JEE Main Syllabus 2021 is expected to be released by NTA on the official website i.e. jeemain.nta.nic.in/ nta.ac.in along with the official notification.
The thing to note here is that the JEE Main 2021 Syllabus has not been impacted with 30% reduction in CBSE class XI and XII syllabus. This reduction has been compensated as the NTA has introduced choices in JEE Main Question Paper instead.
Paper 1 Syllabus for JEE Main covers topics from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
Paper 2 Syllabus for JEE Main 2021 covers topics from Aptitude, Drawing, and Mathematics.
While that for Paper 3 will be from topics of Mathematics, Aptitude and Planning-based questions.
JEE Main 2021 Admit Card
NTA will release JEE Main Admit Card for JEE Main 2021 January session.
Candidates can download their admit card by logging into the official website (jeemain.nta.nic.in/ nta.ac.in) using their application number and DOB.
The admit card is the most mandatory document that the candidate has carry with him at all costs on the exam day.
JEE Main 2021 Exam Centres
There’s has been an increase in the JEE Main exam centres from 570 to 660 during the last session. This year, NTA is expected to conduct JEE Main 2021 in 329 cities across India and 10 cities abroad.
Candidates can list up to 4 preferences in the exam centre category, during filling the JEE Main Application form.
NTA also has provided candidates with the option to change JEE Main exam centre city preferences through the form correction window given the extraordinary circumstances caused due to COVID-19.
It is advised that the candidate should visit the allotted exam centre prior to the actual date of exam to avoid any last-minute hassle
JEE Main Reservation Policy 2021
The 10% reservation to Economically Weaker Sections granted by the Government of India will be applicable in JEE Main 2021. NTA will release a separate category wise merit list and colleges accepting JEE Main score will also reserve 10% additional seats for EWS candidates.
JEE Main 2021 will be held across 4 sessions – February, March, April and May 2021.
Due to COVID-19and reduction of syllabus by various boards, NTA has also decided to revise the JEE Main 2021 Paper pattern.
In addition to English and Hindi, JEE Main 2021 will also be taken into different regional languages such as Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil and Telugu.
JEE Main 2021 will be held in 329 cities across India and 10 cities abroad.