Class 12 Biology Ecology Kingdom - Monera And Viruses
Which one belongs to monera?
(a)
Amoeba
(b)
Escherichia
(c)
Gelidium
(d)
Spirogyra
Correct answer: (b) 
Solution: The kingdom - Monera (Gr. Monera = simple) includes simple, prokaryotic primitive organisms. It includes bacteria, archaebacteria, Actinomycetes, Mycoplasma, spirochaetes, rickettsiae, chlamydiae and cyanobacteria. Escherichia coli is the most studied bacterium. E. coli is an enteric bacteria, found in entire colon, secretes vitamin-K, and folic acid.

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