Diversity in the Living World
Biodiversity and Conservation
The diversity of organisms sharing the same habitat or community is termed as
- alpha diversity
- beta diversity
- gamma diversity
- delta diversity
Solution: Answer: ASolution: Ecological diversity is of three types:
(i) Alpha diversity (Within community diversity) is species diversity in a given community or habitat. It is dependent upon species richness and evenness.
(ii) Beta diversity (Between community diversity) is biodiversity in a range of communities due to replacement of species with the change in communityhabitat because of presence of different microhabitats, niches, etc.
(iii) Gamma biodiversity is diversity of habitatsecosystems over a total landacape or geographical area.